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Teratoma of the greater omentum: An extremely rare case report

Although mature cystic teratomas or dermoid cysts are common ovarian tumors, the extragonadal site is extremely low. The most common extragonadal site to find these tumors is the greater omentum. Reports reveal that only 32 cases of teratoma of the greater omentum have been published to date. We report an extremely rare case of mature cystic teratoma of the omentum in a 51-year-old woman who presented with nonspecific lower abdominal pain. After imaging with contrast-enhanced abdominal CT, the patient underwent cystectomy for the omental teratoma.

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Reliability of percutaneous suprapubic cystostomy catheter insertion and analysis of complications

Aim: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the immediate and early period (30 days) complications in patients with percutaneous suprapubic cystostomy catheters (PSCC) inserted with two different techniques and investigate which technique is more reliable. 

Materials and Methods: The data of 50 patients with PSCC inserted  between June 2016 and June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups as Conventional (Group 1: 30 patients) and Ultrasonography (USG)-assisted (Group 2: 20 patients) PSCC insertion. The demographic data, indications, procedure technique, immediate and early period complications and final results of all patients were analyzed. 

Results: The mean age of the patients was calculated as 69.3 ± 17.8 years. The male: female ratio was 48:2. The most common indication of PSCC insertion was determined as urethral stricture (n: 23, 46%).  The complication rate of all patients was calculated as 34% (immediate: 14%, early: 20%). The most common immediate complication was hematuria, while the most common early complication was urinary tract infection. No major complications or bowel injuries were observed in the patients. Catheter revision was performed in two patients in Group 1. In the early period, the number of complications was statistically significantly lower in Group 2.

Discussion: Regardless of the technique, PSCC insertion is an effective and reliable method. The use of the USG-assisted technique should be preferred, where possible, to reduce complications.

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Psychological effect of COVID-19 pandemic on university students in Turkey

Aim: The COVID-19 pandemic that started in China in December 2019 is spreading rapidly in Turkey and other parts of the world. The pandemic has not only brought the risk of death from infection, but also brought an irresistible psychological pressure. Especially, this pressure has increased due to the lockdown applied in the country. In this study, we aimed to reveal the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Turkey on the anxiety levels of university students. 

Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in Turkey with a total of 1704 students studying in different cities and at different higher education institutions. “Personal Information Form” and “Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale” consisting of 7 items were used as the data collection tools. SPSS for Windows 24 program was used for the analyses of study data.  T-test statistics, One-way analysis of variance, Pearson correlation, and Ordinal Logit Regression Analysis test statistics were used for the comparison of data. 

Results: The Cronbach’s alpha value for the total score of the GAD scale was found to be 0.90. Concerning the effect of stress factors of the students on the GAD levels, the results of the study revealed that there was a statistically significant difference between the GAD levels and age, gender, educational level, type of family income, the positivity of COVID-19 in the family, individual, and vicinity, family economy, educational background, daily life routines, negative effects on the social life, and access to a protective mask (p<0.05; p<0.001).  

Discussion: This study highlights the potential effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of the students, and when the results obtained are evaluated, it was seen that this pandemic had a high effect on the mental health of the students. As a result, it is recommended to monitor the mental health of university students during pandemics.

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